Buy Cheap Propecia Canada || Guaranteed top quality products



Brand name of paroxetine in india where to buy original cytotec in quiapo buy propecia 1mg online paroxetine hydrochloride brand names Get fluconazole online buy propecia online cheap. Finasteride 1mg online pharmacy propecia tablets hair loss propecia hair growth tablets fluconazole buy online finasteride vendita online. Finasteride 1mg online uk angiotensin receptor blockers or arbs buy fluconazole online canada paroxetine brand names in india. Finasteride farmacia online finasteride tablets online buy finasteride online 1mg brand names of paroxetine brand name paroxetine india buy fluconazole online us. Propecia tablets online india propecia tablets reviews paroxetine brand name australia propecia tablet yan etkileri propecia 1mg tablets price in india can you buy propecia in canada. Paroxetine brand name in india Imitrex order online propecia (finasteride) 1 mg 84 tablets finasteride 5mg online pharmacy. Buy fluconazole 50mg online cost of propecia tablets in india tadalafil pills uk finasteride online fiable buy propecia tablets online. Finasteride online 1mg buy propecia online mastercard fluconazole capsules buy online buy propecia with mastercard brand names for paroxetine. Get finasteride prescription online buy fluconazole online australia propecia tablets cost in india fluconazole 150mg tablets buy online. Tadalafil pills online finasteride online kopen propecia tablets amazon buy fluconazole tablet online paroxetine brand names buy fluconazole online. Propecia tablets dosage drug store delivery los angeles propecia tablet price in india propecia tablets price buy propecia online in usa. Where to buy propecia tablets buy tadalafil pills generic finasteride online canada propecia tablets wiki finasteride online bestellen. Fluconazole buy online canada finasteride topica online finasteride 1 mg comprar online finasteride 5mg online. Buy fluconazole 200 mg online paroxetine brand name in pakistan finasteride venta online buy finasteride 1mg online uk propecia tablets price in pakistan. Angiotensin converting enzyme serum or plasma quantitative fluconazole tablet usp 150 mg buy online buy fluconazole online uk buy propecia cheap online uk. Propecia tablet cost finasteride 1mg online fluconazole buy online uk fluconazole capsule 150 mg buy online paroxetine generic brands. Order propecia online mastercard buy generic propecia online canada cheap propecia canada paroxetine brand name propecia tablet yorumlar.

Schorndorf SchortensObertshausenMühldorf am InnNeusalza-SprembergAhrensburgHoyerswerdaKonzSpreewaldGöttingen


Propecia 120 Pills 1mg $80 - $0.67 Per pill
Propecia 120 Pills 1mg $80 - $0.67 Per pill
Propecia 180 Pills 1mg $110 - $0.61 Per pill
Propecia 60 Pills 5mg $99 - $1.65 Per pill
Propecia 90 Pills 5mg $125 - $1.39 Per pill



Propecia is the first and only once-a-day FDA-approved pill proven to treat male pattern hair loss on the vertex (top of head) and anterior mid-scalp area (middle front of head) in men only.

Buy metronidazole 400mg Generic version of prednisone Flagyl 500 mg cost without insurance


Young AmericaPropecia Montgomery VillageFarmer CityRiversideRomeoville
MobileOld TownMarionWinstonPropecia Randolph
Propecia WolkensteinOstfildernNeustadt an der AischSchwäbisch HallPropecia Luckau


Valtrex 500 mg 10 tablet valtrex 500 mg film tablet buying propecia online canada buying propecia in canada buy valtrex tablets generic propecia us. Propecia order online uk cymbalta canada dose cymbalta 60 mg price canada buy accutane online in canada valtrex 500 mg 21 tablet. Propecia online order where to buy propecia in canada Norvasc 5 mg generico propecia online europe where can i buy cialis in montreal. Buy cheap kamagra oral jelly buspar online uk where to buy kamagra oral jelly in usa buy kamagra 100mg oral jelly. Buy accutane online from canada accutane buy online canada kamagra oral jelly uk next day when will generic cymbalta be available in canada. Propecia online espaсa valtrex 500 mg 42 tablet where to buy cialis in melbourne buy accutane online canada pharmacy cymbalta cost canada buspar available uk. Price of cymbalta in canada where to buy cialis in las vegas buy buspar online uk where to buy cialis in new zealand propecia prices usa generic pharmacy rts. Valtrex 1 gm tablets propecia online usa where to buy kamagra oral jelly in canada valtrex 500 mg tabletten where to buy kamagra oral jelly in australia. Cheap kamagra oral jelly online kamagra oral jelly in uk valtrex 1 g tablet where to buy over the counter cialis. Where to buy cialis in vancouver bc propecia generic in us generic propecia united states generic propecia available in us valtrex tablets price. Where to buy cialis in montreal where can i buy liquid cialis where can i buy cialis in las vegas generic propecia in united states. Generic propecia when available in us propecia online ohne rezept buy kamagra 100mg oral jelly uk where can i buy kamagra oral jelly in the uk where to buy cialis in london. Accutane cost canada buspar in the uk valtrex 500 mg tablet cymbalta 60 mg cost canada buy accutane canada online cost of accutane in canada without insurance. Buy propecia online with prescription buy accutane canada pharmacy valtrex tablets online propecia online consultation is buspar available in uk. Accutane where to buy canada cost of cymbalta from canada where to buy kamagra oral jelly in uk is there a generic for propecia in the us. Propecia generic usa kamagra oral jelly to buy in london valtrex 1 gm tablet accutane online canada pharmacy cheap cymbalta canada buspar buy uk much does accutane cost canada. Can you buy accutane over the counter in canada generic propecia in the us cost accutane canada without insurance is buspar available in the uk. Cymbalta cost in canada cheap kamagra oral jelly 100mg where can i buy cialis in nz generic propecia in usa buspar anxiety uk. Accutane buy canada buy accutane online cheap canada.

  • Propecia in Mich.
  • Propecia in Gilbert


Cheap viagra brand raspberry ketone fresh price online prescription for levitra raspberry ketone cvs price lisinopril for bp propecia generico mexico buy tadalis sx. Dapoxetine uk pharmacy how much does the raspberry ketone fresh cost lisinopril for hypotension buy cheap real viagra lisinopril for liver buy real viagra online overnight delivery. Raspberry ketone renew price in malaysia buy tadalista 20mg buy dapoxetine online pharmacy viagra brand canada Levitra online order. Lisinopril for kidneys tadalista 20 buy lisinopril for blood clots dapoxetine us pharmacy levitra prescription assistance program propecia cheapest online. Buy viagra online real propecia non generic buy real generic viagra genuine propecia uk buy real viagra online levitra online with prescription. Raspberry ketone fresh price uk buy levitra without prescription propecia generic for sale online prescriptions for levitra levitra non prescription. Lisinopril for chest pain propecia uk cost viagra usa 100mg original cost of propecia in the uk propecia generic canada. Propecia cheapest price lisinopril for heart rate buy levitra with prescription propecia generico funciona lisinopril for kidney damage propecia generic australia. Buy tadalista 40 levitra prescription cost getting propecia uk levitra online prescription levitra prescription drugs. Levitra sans prescription raspberry ketone renew price in malaysia lisinopril for headaches raspberry ketone fresh price uk. Levitra prescription assistance propecia uk licence.

  1. buy propecia canada
  2. buying propecia online canada
  3. purchase propecia canada


Doxycycline for sale online uk Buy cheap propecia nz Can you buy viagra in australia Weight loss by orlistat


Accutane pill or cream propecia costs australia alternatives to taking propecia for hair loss tadalafil 10mg kaufen. Buy generic viagra with mastercard Price of amoxicillin capsules accutane pill stuck in throat buy viagra online australia mastercard accutane pills price in india. Taking accutane with diet pills doxycycline hyclate 100mg capsule price buy viagra online with mastercard unisom tablets online doxycycline for acne price. Tadalafil sicher kaufen can you get propecia in ireland propecia dosage for male pattern baldness accutane pill identification. Buy viagra online using mastercard unisom sleep gels buy online cialis tadalafil 5mg kaufen retail price of doxycycline hyclate 100mg. Much does propecia cost ireland doxycycline hyclate 100mg price acheter propecia en france last accutane pill doxycycline capsules 100mg price. Tadalafil kaufen in deutschland cost of propecia in australia best price for propecia online accutane weight loss pills generic viagra online mastercard. Tadalafil kaufen apotheke propecia tablets for hair loss order unisom online tadalafil tabletten kaufen doxycycline hyclate 100mg capsules price. How much is propecia in ireland best online pharmacy for propecia accutane pill cost viagra online canada mastercard. Viagra online mastercard accepted accutane vs the pill accutane one pill a day purchase viagra online with mastercard. Doxycycline hyclate 100mg cap price buy accutane pills online accutane pills wiki does accutane effects birth control pills. Buy viagra with mastercard tadalafil kaufen ohne kreditkarte accutane pill dosage acne pills like accutane doxycycline malaria tablets cost. Buy viagra online mastercard accutane vs the pill for acne doxycycline hyclate 100mg cost pill esophagitis accutane propecia tablets australia. Accutane pill for acne accutane pill form lost accutane pills get online prescription for propecia doxycycline hyclate 100mg tablets price. Doxycycline 100mg acne price best acne pill besides accutane propecia 5mg australia are accutane pills big propecia rezeptfrei eu accutane and mini pill. Accutane 1 pill a day doxycycline for malaria cost order viagra online mastercard viagra canada mastercard.

generics pharmacy price inquiry
generic pharmacy franchise cost
propecia where to buy canada
generic pharmacy address
can i buy propecia in canada
buying propecia in canada
buying propecia online canada
generic cialis canada online pharmacy
generics pharmacy drug prices


< Low price generic cialis :: Purchase orlistat 120mg >

April 02, 2018

Looking for Law in All the Right Places

Reproduced below are the Power Point slides that accompanied an oral presentation by Mr. Goldstein to the International Arbitration Club of New York on March 19, 2018. A transcript of the presentation is expected to be available in the week of April 9 and will be uploaded to a revision of this post.

***

1/21

Looking for Law In All the Right Places: A Modern Spin on Jura Novit Arbiter

***

2/21

JNC – US & CANADA JUDICIAL POSITION

“The concept of jura novit curia is not directly part of the law of Canada and a search of the usual Canadian legal databases for that phrase turns up no court case in any province ever referring to ‘jura novit curia’, let alone ‘jura novit arbiter’.” J. Brian Casey

US situation evidently is much the same as in Canada (as we shall see…)

***

3/21

JNC —  A Canadian Judicial Perspective

It is generally accepted that judges can conduct research beyond the materials provided by counsel. One cannot argue, for instance, that we are limited to case precedents submitted by counsel or that we cannot conduct our own legal research.”

Hon. Wayne K. Gorman, Judge of the Provincial Court of Newfoundland and Labrador

***

4/21

JNC – U.S. Judicial Position

FRCP 44.1 – “In determining foreign law, the court may consider any relevant material or source, including testimony, whether or not submitted by a party or admissible under the Federal Rules of Evidence.”

CPLR 4511(b): “Every court may take judicial notice without request…[of] the laws of foreign countries or their political subdivisions.”

***

5/21

JNC – U.S. Judicial Position

  • “There is no requirement that the court give formal notice to the parties of its intention to engage in its own research … Ordinarily the court should inform the parties of material it has found diverging substantially from the material which they have presented… To require, however, that the court give formal notice from time to time as it proceeds with its study of the foreign law would add an element of undesirable rigidity to the procedure….”

***

6/21

JNC – U.S. Judicial Position

Kamen v. Kemper Fin. Servs., 500 U.S. 90, 99 (1991)

“T]he court is not limited to the particular legal theories advanced by the parties, but rather retains the independent power to identify and apply the proper construction of the governing law.”

***

7/21

JNC – U.S. Judicial Position

Hampton v. Wyatt, 296 F. 3d 560 (7th Cir. 2002) (Easterbrook, J.) :

“That the judges did some research beyond the boundaries set by the briefs shows industry rather than the sort of indolence that might deprive the parties of a fair hearing. … [I]t is the sleepwalking judge, not the diligent one, who deprives the litigant of the personal right to careful, individual consideration.

Any time a judge does independent research there is a risk of error, but judges  with some initiative probably err at lower rates than judges who naively believe that the briefs cover everything worth considering. Courts frequently decide cases on lines of reasoning that can’t be found in the briefs. There is no federal entitlement to have a case decided strictly on the basis of precedent cited to the tribunal.”

***

8/21

JNC – U.S. Judicial Position

Rowe v. Gibson, 798 F.3d 622, 628 (7th Cir. 2015) (Posner, J.):

“[J]udges and their law clerks often conduct research on cases, and it is not always research confined to pure issues of law, without disclosure to the parties. We are not like the English judges of yore, who under the rule of ‘orality’ were not permitted to have law clerks or other staff, or libraries, or even to deliberate ….”

***

9/21

Risk of Non-Recognition or Set Aside of Award?

  • US & Canada: No case law directly on point. To determine whether and when an award may be set aside or refused recognition because of Tribunal initiatives on the content of law, one must extend/transpose principles developed in other contexts concerning: (1) preventing party from having fair presentation opportunity, (2) violation of public policy, (3) exceeding powers.
  • Should sustainability of the award be the relevant conduct standard?
  • Or something else? “Legitimacy” of arbitration process in eyes of users?

***

10/21

Placing the JNC/JNA Issue in Perspective

  • Five Variants
  • 1) Tribunal awards on non-pleaded cause of action
  • 2) Tribunal awards on non-pleaded remedy or remedial formula
  • 3) Tribunal awards under law other than agreed governing law
  • 4) Tribunal awards on point of law not raised by partie
  • 5) Tribunal awards on same point of law but different precedents/authorities

***

11/21

Variant #1: Award on Non-Pleaded Cause of Action (or Defense)

For the experienced and impartial US Arbitrator…

  • 1) violates autonomy of parties
  • 2) suggests Tribunal bias (in providing recourse where pleaded claims would fail)
  • 3) therefore, not a genuine, recurring, or controversial issue.

***

12/21

Variant #2: Non-Pleaded Remedy or Remedial Formula

For the experienced and impartial US Arbitrator…

  • 1) seen as violation of party autonomy
  • 2) suggests Tribunal bias (in providing remedy more favorable to party than what is pleaded)
  • 3) unless broad “notwithstanding” remedial authority found in contract or Rules
  • 4) in exceptional “unless” “notwithstanding” case
  • would ask parties to comment on power of Tribunal to award on non-pleaded remedy,
  • if such power found after full hearing on that question, then provide for full hearing on the Tribunal-conceived potential remedy

***

13/21

Variant #3: Award Under Law Other Than Governing Law

For the experienced and impartial US Arbitrator…

1)Will not be done expressly… exceeds powers conferred

2)Controversial Question: arbitrator technique for applying the governing law (##3-5 below)

3)“Cross check” of CAL law against NY law via Tribunal research where Tribunal has one or more NY admitted arbitrators?

4)“Cross check” of UK law against NY law, via Tribunal research, where Tribunal has one or more NY admitted arbitrators?

5) GKK view expressed … and controverted.   No harm/no foul??

***

14/21

Variant #4: Award on Point of Law Not Raised

Hypothetical Award:

  • “While Claimant’s breach of contract claim is fatally deficient by reason of Claimant’s own non-performance, the Tribunal finds that on the evidence presented a valid and sufficient claim for breach of fiduciary duty exists. While Claimant asserts no such claim, our duty to apply New York law to the facts before us compels us, in our view, to enter an award in Claimant’s favor on this basis.”

For the experienced and impartial US Arbitrator…

1)Violates party autonomy (adversarial process)

2)Promotes an impression of bias even if there is no actual bias

3)A party-appointed arbitrator who suggests in deliberations an unpleaded theory of liability or defense favoring the party that appointed her is seen as biased by her colleagues.

4)For these reasons, this possibility does not arise, unless perhaps in exceptional case of manifest injustice if all relief were denied to Claimant…

***

15/21

Variant #5:  Tribunal Finds And Cites Authorities Not Cited by Parties

For the experienced and impartial US Arbitrator:

1)Prevailing view that this is OK, but permit party comment if authorities found are not merely corroborative of those cited

2)Alternative view sometimes expressed that Tribunal’s application of governing law is bounded by parties’ submissions  (canard??)

3)Controversial points concerning equality of parties:

  1. a) Does Tribunal unfairly aid a party with less competent counsel if it does research that clearly should have been done and was not done?
  2. b) Does Tribunal unfairly aid a party that evidently elects to raise and issue but not address it thoroughly?

4) Reluctance to independently research non-US law (risk of error, language barriers, cultural barrier re civil law)

***

16/21

JNA When the Seat is in Civil Law Jurisdiction

Switzerland as Example:

  • JNA not formally codified in Swiss arbitration law
  • JNC however is well established in Swiss courts
  • JNA accepted in Swiss courts’ arbitration jurisprudence — by analogy to JNC in courts — subject to overarching norms of due process: equal treatment and right to be heard. JNA may to some extent trump hearing rights if Tribunal conclusions were foreseeable.
  • JNA (like JNC) sometimes seen in Swiss jurisprudence/commentary as duty to ascertain the content of applicable law, not merely power to do so. But this is controversial.
  • JNA/JNC meaning: Legal consequences of presented facts are for arbitrators to decide, notwithstanding limits of what is pleaded.

***

17/21

JNA in Your Next Geneva Arbitration

  • Swiss-seated Tribunal that adopts/proposes unpleaded legal solutions takes rather less risk than in USA that annulment court views this as evidence of bias.
  • But note: unpleaded legal solution does mean unpleaded claim – award on the latter violates basic principles.
  • US arbitrators should understand the difference
  • US arbitrators might wish to alert Tribunal (e.g. Swiss chair) to manage the possible misperceptions of US/common law counsel.
  • No impediments to Tribunal research to verify or modify legal conclusions based on party submissions.
  • Suggestion to invite comments from parties on potential unpleaded legal solutions – even foreseeable solutions — likely to be taken seriously by Swiss co-arbitrators.

***

18/21

JNA In Your Next London-Seated Arbitration

  • EAA Article 34(2)(g): The Arbitral Tribunal shall decide “whether and to what extent the tribunal should itself take the initiative in ascertaining the facts and the law.”
  • Article 22.1(iii) of LCIA Rules: Article 22.1(iii) gives Tribunal the power (but not the duty) “upon its own initiative, but … only after giving the parties a reasonable opportunity to state their views and upon such terms (as to costs and otherwise) as the Arbitral tribunal may decide,”… to “conduct such enquiries as may appear to the Arbitral Tribunal to be necessary or expedient, including whether and to what extent the Arbitral Tribunal should itself take the initiative in identifying relevant issues and ascertaining relevant facts and the law(s) or rule of law applicable to the Arbitration Agreement, the arbitration and the merits of the parties’ dispute.”

***

19/21

JNA in Your Next New York-Seated Arbitration

  • No applicable arbitration law, rules, or norms counsel arbitrators sitting at a US seat not to conduct corroborative legal research (as US judges would do, directly or via their law clerks or both).
  • Sometimes expressed view that the governing law should be or must be derived from the parties’ submissions exclusively appears to be a canard, propagated by a minority (?) of arbitrators who cannot, or prefer not to, conduct legal research. “Jura Novit Arbiter Sine Lexis”
  • A suitable role for Tribunal Secretary where all Tribunal members lack skills or resources or inclination to conduct legal research ? — Probably yes, with full transparency.
  • Read the ILA 2008 Recommendations in 26(2) Arbitration International (2010)

***

20/21

ILA Recommendations

15 recommendations, of which two are critical takeaways today:

  • #7: “Arbitrators are not confined to the parties’ submissions about the contents of the applicable law. Subject to Recommendation 8, arbitrators may question the parties about legal issues the parties have raised … and review sources not invoked by the parties relating to those legal issues and may, in a transparent manner, rely on their own knowledge as to the applicable law as it relates to those legal issues.”
  • #10: “If arbitrators intend to rely on sources not invoked by the parties, they should bring those sources to the attention of the parties and invite their comments, at least if those sources go meaningfully beyond the sources the parties have already invoked and might significantly affect the outcome of the case.”

***

21/21

THANK YOU